Santa Rosa's history is rich in culture and many different groups have
called the area their home. Pomo, Miwok, and Wappo Indians originally populated the area followed by the Spanish in the early
1800's. The first deeded land was held as the Rancho Cabeza de Santa Rosa and was given to Senora Maria Ignacia Lopez de Carrillo
by Spanish authorities.
In 1867 the town of just a few hundred residents was granted incorporation by the County Board of Supervisors. The State
of California affirmed the incorporation in 1868, and that is considered the year of Santa Rosa's official birth. The coming
of the first railroad in 1870 assured the little town's success, and the next seven years saw the population increase tenfold.